Constructing the pouches is simple; use heavy-duty foil, and be sure to seal the pouches tightly and leave plenty of headroom. This headspace allows the steam to circulate, ensuring that everything cooks at the same rate.
All the usual cues for doneness—how the food looks, feels, smells, and sounds—are hidden inside the foil packet. Luckily, the moist environment of this cooking method makes it very forgiving. We discovered the easiest way to judge doneness was simply to poke a thermometer through the foil near the end of the cooking time to check the protein’s temperature.