Are “gold” and “yellow” potatoes the same as Yukon Gold potatoes?
According to the Potato Association of America, potatoes labeled as “yellow” and “gold” both belong to the broad category of yellow-fleshed potato that encompasses many varieties. Similarly, potatoes labeled as “white” refer to the broad category of potato varieties with white interiors. Potato packaging often specifies only the interior flesh color of the potatoes and not the specific variety.
The Yukon Gold potato, though yellow fleshed, is a cross between a yellow and a white potato and is usually labeled as such. A “yellow” or “gold” potato is not a Yukon Gold potato, but all three potatoes have similar starch contents and flavors and can be used interchangeably in recipes.
The bottom line: Potato labels refer to the color of a potatoes' flesh; potatoes labeled “gold” or “yellow” are not Yukon Gold potatoes, but they can be used in place of Yukon Gold potatoes in recipes.