Behind the Recipes

How to Make Pro-Caliber Yeasted Doughnuts at Home

The plush, tender chew and satiny glaze of freshly fried doughnuts is irresistible. The satisfaction of making them yourself is unbeatable.

Published Apr. 1, 2020.

My Goals and Discoveries

Moist, light texture

A careful balance of fat, sugar, and liquid produces soft, tender doughnuts with delicate chew.

Convenient timing

We chill the dough overnight—a step called cold fermentation—so that it’s faster to make the doughnuts in the morning. The dough also develops more complex flavor and has time to relax so that it’s easy to roll out.

Reliable yield

Rolling out the dough to specific dimensions guarantees that you’ll get 12 doughnuts.

Sheer glaze

A combination of confectioners’ sugar and hot water produces a thin, opaque fluid that dries matte.


Yeasted Doughnuts

The plush, tender chew and satiny glaze of freshly fried doughnuts is irresistible. The satisfaction of making them yourself is unbeatable.
Get the Recipe

The best doughnuts are the freshest doughnuts, and the freshest doughnuts are the ones you make yourself.

That’s true for all doughnuts but especially true for yeasted doughnuts. When you bite into one that’s freshly fried, the soft, gently elastic dough yields in a way that feels satisfying and indulgent even before you taste just how buttery it is, and the glossy glaze dissolves in your mouth without a trace of graininess. Those ephemeral qualities won’t just satiate your craving for sweets; they’ll delight you—and ruin your taste for anything that’s more than a few hours out of the oil.

That’s what happened to me, and it’s why I spent the better part of two months sweating over my ideal yeasted doughnut formula. I rolled, cut, and fried my way through cloyingly rich doughs and leaner ones with bready chew; battled gas bubbles that made the doughnuts puff up—and deflate—like balloons; and learned that the pale ring that forms around the doughnut’s midsection is a sign of a properly risen, light doughnut. The results—as iconic as what you’d get from the best doughnut shop, but fresher—were worth it. Plus, knowing that I can churn out pro‑caliber sweets has been so empowering that I’ve since wondered, as Homer Simpson famously did, if there’s anything doughnuts can’t do.


Yeasted doughnuts are made from bread dough enriched with fat, sugar, and dairy. You stir together flour, sugar, and yeast in a stand mixer; moisten the dry ingredients with milk or water and eggs and mix to form a cohesive mass; work in salt and softened butter (waiting to add the salt and fat allows plenty of gluten to develop); and knead until the mixture forms a satiny dough. Then you let it rise for as little as 1 hour or as long as overnight; roll it out to about ½ inch thick; cut out rings (or rounds, if you’re filling them); let them rise again; and deep-fry them. Last comes the sweet part: glazing or frosting them and then filling them with jam or cream if desired.

Associate Editor Annie Petito uses a 3-inch cutter to stamp out a brioche dough.
Freshly fried doughnuts made from four classic doughs—brioche, challah, American sandwich bread, and the Japanese milk bread called shokupan—sit ready for a tasting.
Members of the Cook’s Illustrated team discuss their impressions of how each dough performed as doughnuts.

The trick was calibrating how enriched the dough should be to produce moist doughnuts with light chew and restrained sweetness. Getting it right was largely a question of how much fat, sugar, and water I added in relation to the flour, so I started by making doughnuts from four classic doughs that span a range of richness and sweetness: brioche; challah; American sandwich bread; and the plush, feathery Japanese milk bread called shokupan, which contains more fat and gluten than ordinary sandwich bread.

Butter made up nearly half the brioche dough, which explained why its doughnuts fried up heavy. The leaner, lower-hydration challah and sandwich formulas were dry. The moderately rich, relatively wet milk bread dough yielded moist, airy doughnuts, but their crumb was too chewy. And when I fried them, those aforementioned air bubbles left gaping holes between the crust and crumb.

ROLL dough into 10 by 13-inch, ½-inch-thick rectangle.
CUT 12 rounds and holes using 3- and 1-inch cutters.
LET RISE until dough slowly springs back when pressed.
FRY in 360-degree oil until golden brown; flip and repeat.
DIP in glaze and let stand on wire rack until dry.

Making more tender doughnuts was simply a matter of minimizing gluten development: I switched from bread flour to all-purpose, which contains fewer gluten-forming proteins, and boosted the sweetness and fat in the dough (both of which interfere with gluten development) by adding a bit more granulated sugar and using all milk instead of a combination of milk and water. And I did away with the big gas bubbles by slightly lowering the dough’s hydration: Less liquid made the crumb tighter, so the gas bubbles that formed during fermentation couldn’t grow big and coarse. Ultimately, I landed on a formula that made a drier dough but doughnuts that were still moist and tender.

How We Raised the Dough(nut)

Enriched, fried, and coated in sugar, yeasted doughnuts are fundamentally decadent. But thanks to ample—not excessive—richness and sweetness, plus proper rising, our dough fries up plush but light with tender chew and is just the right canvas for glazing, frosting, or filling.


A careful balance of fat, sugar, and liquid produced tender doughnuts with delicate chew.


Fried in moderately hot oil for about a minute per side, the dough’s exterior sets and browns just enough.


The pale belt that forms around the dough’s midsection during frying shows that the crumb is airy and expanded evenly.

Burden of Proof

Before glazing, frosting, and filling the doughnuts, I thought about how the timing of the first and second rises affected when the doughnuts would be ready to eat. If I wanted them for breakfast, I didn’t want to spend the better part of the morning waiting for the dough to rise, so I mixed up more dough, let it rise at room temperature for an hour (to jump-start yeast activity, which would slow down in the fridge), and refrigerated it overnight. This cold fermentation step built more convenient timing into the recipe and allowed the dough to develop more complex flavor and its gluten to relax so that it was pliable. I easily rolled out the chilled dough into a 10 by 13-inch rectangle and then stamped out 12 rings with 3- and 1-inch cutters.

The drawback to working with chilled dough was that the doughnuts took 2 hours to rise at room temperature, so I sped up the process by setting up a loaf pan with boiling water on the bottom rack of my oven and the doughnuts and their holes (set on a parchment-lined baking sheet) on the middle rack. In the steamy environment, the doughnuts puffed up in about 30 minutes.

Team members get ready to evaluate a batch of jelly doughnuts to see if the amount of raspberry jam inside feels plentiful enough.

Fry, Fry Away

During that time, I heated 2 quarts of oil to 360 degrees in a roomy Dutch oven (a wok would also work well), where I could fry four doughnuts at a time. When I placed them in the oil, the rings floated calmly like inner tubes—no messy splatter—for about 60 to 90 seconds per side. I fished them out when they were golden brown with pale rings around their midsections—a visual cue that the dough had risen properly and expanded evenly during frying—and transferred them to a rack to cool slightly while I mixed up the glaze.

Confectioners’ sugar and hot water produced a thin, opaque fluid that dried sheer; those ingredients also made a satiny base for my chocolate, coffee, and matcha frostings. And as an homage to Homer Simpson himself, I made a vivid magenta raspberry frosting and topped it with rainbow sprinkles. (To make jelly and Boston cream, I dropped the oil temperature to 330 degrees, since frying at a lower temperature for a bit longer ensured that the hole-less rounds cooked through, and I piped in raspberry jam and pastry cream, respectively.)

Each of these jelly doughnuts is loaded up with a good 2 tablespoons of raspberry jam, guaranteeing jam in every bite.

The kitchen looked like a proper doughnut shop: pillowy rings, rounds, and holes embellished in more than half a dozen sweet, colorful ways. Making and eating them made me feel like a pro—and so happy.

Yeasted Doughnuts

The plush, tender chew and satiny glaze of freshly fried doughnuts is irresistible. The satisfaction of making them yourself is unbeatable.
Get the Recipe


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