One major challenge paleo adherents face comes in the form of refined sugars, which are nearly impossible to avoid in the current food system. White sugar is highly processed; chemicals must be used to purify the cane syrup and turn it into refined sugar. Instead, the paleo diet relies on natural sweeteners. We choose which sweetener to use based on each individual recipe; because each option has a distinct flavor and interacts with other ingredients differently, it’s helpful to have a variety of sweeteners on hand. Below, we list the ones we turn to in the test kitchen.